1. In the past decade, the focus of nursing research has expanded from research utilization to evidence-based practice. What is the difference between the two? In the past decade, the focus of nursing research has expanded from research utilization to evidence-based practice related to the increase complexity of health problems and increase costs associated with delivery and receipt of health care in the United States.
The classic research utilization project report indicates that research utilization is the process of systematically integrating the findings of completed nursing research studies into clinical nursing practice. In the process of research utilization, the emphasis is on using existing data from previous nursing research studies to modify a current nursing practice. Evidence-based practice is similar to research utilization in that it is a systematic method of applying research findings to nursing practice.
However, evidence-based practice incorporates many additional sources of data that may contribute to improved nursing care. Evidence-based practice goes beyond nursing research in considering other sources of documentation that may improve nursing care. Research published by other disciplines is included, as well as nonresearch data that may contribute to practice (Zerwekh & Claborn, 2006). Review Roger’s Theory of Diffusion of Innovation and answer the following questions: Why has this shift occurred? o How has this shift affected the health care profession? Everett Rogers developed a diffusion-innovation theory rather than a planned change theory. He defines diffusion as the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system. Diffusion that involves innovation becomes social change when the diffusion of new ideas results in widespread consequences.
Rogers emphasized that, for change to succeed, the people involved must be interested in the change and committed to implementing it. His theory is particularly useful for individuals who wish to track the adoption of technologic innovations (Blais, Hayes, Kozier, & Erb, 2006). What do you think the role of the BSN, MSN, and PhD nurses will be in the next decade? The graduate of a BSN program is prepared to provide health promotion and health restoration care for individuals, families, and groups in a variety of institutional and community settings.
The MSN program prepares nurses for teaching, administration, and supervisory positions. Nurses with a PhD provide leadership in the improvement of nursing practice and in the development of research and nursing education programs (Zerwekh & Claborn, 2006). Blais, K. K. , Hayes, J. S. , Kozier, B. , & Erb, G. (2006). Professional Nursing Practice (5th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Zerwekh, J. , & Claborn, J. C. (2006). Nursing Today: Transition and Trends. St. Louis, MO: Saunders.