Tribon M3 Structure

Structure Training Guide • Training Guide • Training Guide Revision Log Date 12/10/04 27/04/05 19/09/05 Page(s) Various Various Various Revision 01 02 03 Description of Revision Modified for M3SP2 Modified for M3SP3 Modified for M3SP4 Release M3SP2 M3SP3 M3SP4 Updates Updates to this manual will be issued as replacement pages and a new Update History Sheet complete with instructions on which pages to remove and destroy, and where to insert the new sheets. Please ensure that you have received all the updates shown on the History Sheet.

All updates are highlighted by a revision code marker, which appears to the left of new material. Suggestion/Problems If you have a suggestion about this manual or the system to which it refers please report it to the training department at Fax +44 (0)1223 556669 Email training. [email protected] com Copyright © 2004 Aveva Solutions Ltd All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means (graphic, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, taping, or otherwise) without written permission of the publisher. Printed by Aveva Solutions Ltd on 04 October 2005

Contents 1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 1. 1 Aims: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 1. 2 Objectives; ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 1. 3 Prerequisites;…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1. 4 Course Structure ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 7 1. 5 Using this document ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7 1. 6 Overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8 1. 7 The Graphical User Interface …………………………………………………………………………….. 9 1. Toolbars ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 1. 8. 1 Structure Toolbar ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 10 1. 8. 2 Structure Modelling Toolbar…………………………………………………………………………. 10 1. 8. 3 Structure Group Toolbar ……………………………………………………………………………… 10 Structure Standard Unit Toolbar……………………………………………………………………. 0 1. 8. 4 1. 8. 5 Structure Win Option Toolbar……………………………………………………………………….. 10 1. 8. 6 Structure Endcut Toolbar …………………………………………………………………………….. 11 1. 8. 7 Structure Multi Parts Toolbar ……………………………………………………………………….. 11 1. 9 Databanks used by System……………………………………………………………………………… 12 2 The Basics…………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………. 13 2. 1 2. 2 2. 3 2. 4 2. 5 2. 6 2. 7 2. 8 2. 9 2. 10 3 Start a new drawing on Modelling form cv4………………………………………………………. 13 The Structure Menu ………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Initialise a new structure (make current)…………………………………………………………… 15 Activate an existing structure ………………………………………………………………………….. 5 List activated………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 15 Save Structure ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16 Cancel Structure …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16 Delete Structure ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 Structure naming ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 Create part ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 18 Components in Tribon Structure……………………………………………………………………………………….. 19 3. 1 Component classes ………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 3. 1. 1 True and Pseudo components ………………………………………………………………….. …. 19 3. 2 Downloading Structure Components from Tribon. com……………………………………… 1 3. 3 True components (examples) ………………………………………………………………………….. 22 3. 3. 1 Example of angle bar (True) component………………………………………………………… 22 3. 3. 2 Profile information………………………………………………………………………………………. 22 Example of plate (True) component ………………………………………………………………. 24 3. 3. 3 3. 3. 4 Example of general component…………………………………………………………………….. 25 3. 3. Example of General bar section component……………………………………………………. 26 3. 3. 6 Component type codes and parameters. (Main class = 10) ……………………………… 27 Exercise 1 create True components …………………………………………………………………………………………. 28 3. 4 4 General bar section ………………………………………………………………………………………… 29 Exercise 2 Create a General bar section …………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Modelling………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33 New Part (plate)………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33 4. 1 4. 2 Create hole in plate. (Key in Hole Dim)……………………………………………………………… 34 4. 3 Delete Part……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34 4. 3. 1 Create general hole. ………………………………………………………………………………….. 35 Copy part……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 35 4. 4 4. 5 Create part (profile)…………………………………………………………………………………………. 36 4. 6 Transform part ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37 3 4. 7 Move (locked on reference line)……………………………………………………………………….. 8 4. 7. 1 Reference points in profiles………………………………………………………………………….. 38 Exercise 3 define plates and parts……………………………………………………………………………………………. 39 5 Editing ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41 5. 1 Flip ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 5. 2 Modify part …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41 5. 3 Rename………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42 5. 4 Endcuts (Hull standard selection) ………………………………………………………………….. .. 43 5. 5 Endcuts (Key-in) …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44 5. 5. 1 Endcut codes. …………………………………………………………………………………………… 44 5. 5. 2 Automatic Endcut……………………………………………………………………………………….. 45 5. 6 Holes in profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 50 5. 6. 1 Creating holes in angle bar ………………………………………………………………………….. 50 Hole Insertion…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1 5. 7 5. 8 Plate Trim ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52 5. 9 Bent plate (Create)………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53 5. 10 Bent plate (Split)………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53 5. 11 Fillet Profile (Two same profiles)…………………………………………………………………… 54 5. 2 Fillet Profile (String contour / Spline /Geometry) ……………………………………………. 55 5. 13 Transform whole structure …………………………………………………………………………… 56 5. 14 Insert structure. …………………………………………………………………………………………… 57 5. 15 Rename active structure………………………………………………………………………………. 58 Exercise 4 profiles, endcuts & holes ………………………………………………………………………………………… 9 6 Multiple Parts Functions…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 61 6. 1. 1 6. 1. 2 6. 1. 3 6. 1. 4 6. 1. 5 6. 1. 6 6. 1. 7 6. 1. 8 6. 1. 9 7 Win Options ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 61 Transform multiple parts ……………………………………………………………………………… 61 Duplicate multiple parts……………………………………………………………………………….. 2 Delete multiple parts …………………………………………………………………………………… 63 Multiple parts, Stretch (profile parts). …………………………………………………………….. 63 Split parts (cut)…………………………………………………………………………………………… 64 Put to ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 65 Copy from. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 Mirror ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 65 Standard Unit ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 67 7. 1 8 Create Standard unit……………………………………………………………………………………….. 67 Production information………………………………………………………… ………………………………………….. 69 8. Assembly information …………………………………………………………………………………….. 69 8. 2 Position number …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 69 Manual position numbers …………………………………………………………………………….. 69 8. 2. 1 8. 2. 2 Automatic position number…………………………………………………………………………… 70 8. 3 Information …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 0 8. 4 Splitting …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70 8. 5 Create hull marking ………………………………………………………………………………………… 71 9 Group Functions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73 9. 1 Move Structure(s) by indicate ………………………………………………………………………….. 3 9. 2 Move Structure(s) by name ……………………………………………………………………………… 74 9. 3 Duplicate Structure(s) by indicate ……………………………………………………………………. 74 9. 4 Rename………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 76 9. 5 Colour ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76 9. Delete…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 76 9. 6. 1 Win Options ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76 4 10 Standard Structures……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77 10. 1 10. 2 10. 3 10. 4 10. 5 10. 6 10. 7 11 The Standard DB …………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 Set Origin ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78 Set Description ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 78 Creating (Outputting) a Std Structure……………………………………………………………. 79 Inserting a Standard Structure ……………………………………………………………………… 80 Replacing the standard reference…………………………………………………………………. 1 Replace or Delete the reference to a standard……………………………………………….. 81 Exercise 5 Pump Foundation…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83 Structure Lists……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 85 11. 1 Start-up ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 85

Exercise 6 Structure Lists……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 86 5 6 Chapter 1 1 Introduction Tribon Structure is an intensively used part of the Tribon suite. It is often used by both piping and electrical departments and is an integrated part of the Tribon Pipe and Cable modelling applications. Tribon structure uses a unique 3D modelling technique to quickly create accurate models of foundations, stairways and supports. This course provides the ideal introduction to the Tribon outfitting applications. 1. 1 Aims:

The aim of the course is to provide the skills required to use Tribon Structure in the most productive way and to introduce some of the techniques that are used in the other outfitting applications. 1. 2 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Objectives; To familiarise user with the use of real and pseudo components. To familiarise user with the use of Tribon. com. To create and modify structure parts. To discover how to model in a 3D environment To understand how to create production information for structures To be able to use standard structures. 1. 3 Prerequisites; The participants must have completed Tribon M3 Outfit Drafting. 1. 4 Course Structure

Training will consist of oral and visual presentations, demonstrations and set exercises. Each workstation will have a training project, populated with model objects from a bulk carrier design. This will be used by the trainees to practice their methods, and complete the set exercises. 1. 5 Using this document Certain text styles are used to indicate special situations throughout this document, here is a summary; Menu pull downs and button press actions. Are indicated by bold dark blue text. Information the user has to Key-in ‘Will be red and in inverted commas. ‘ Annotation for trainees benefit ? Additional information ?

Pay close attention to ? Refer to other documentation System prompts should be bold and italic in inverted commas i. e. ‘Choose function’ Example files or inputs will be in the courier new font, colours and styles used as before. 7 1. 6 Overview A large proportion of outfitting design and installation involves the miscellaneous structure items such as, supports, foundations, railings, shelving and stairways. All these items can be modelled with the special modelling functionality of Tribon structure. In Tribon M3 the structure application is integrated with Pipe and Cable modelling and has the additional advantages offered by Vitesse. 1. 7 The Graphical User Interface Cursor Toolbar Menu Bar Floating Toolbar Cross Hair Treeview Model View / Subpicture Workspace Shaded Viewport Drawing Form Status Bar 9 1. 8 1. 8. 1 Toolbars Structure Toolbar 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. New Activate Save Cancel Transform Delete Rename Insert other Structure Split 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1. 8. 2 Structure Modelling Toolbar 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Transform Part Copy Part New Part Rename Delete Part Modify Move Flip Create Hole Hole Insertion Information 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1. 8. 3 Structure Group Toolbar . 2. 3. 4. 5. Move Structure Duplicate Structure Store as Standard Structure Copy Standard Structure Replace by new Structure 1 2 3 4 5 1. 8. 4 Structure Standard Unit Toolbar 1. 2. General seat inside General seat outside 1 2 1. 8. 5 Structure Win Option Toolbar 1. 2. 3. Win-in Win-cross Win-incross 1 2 3 10 1. 8. 6 Structure Endcut Toolbar 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Mitre Connection Snipe Add Endcut Attach to 2D Line Endcut by 2D Line Attach to Model Endcut by Model Delete Endcut 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1. 8. 7 Structure Multi Parts Toolbar 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Group Transform Group Copy Group Delete Group Stretch Group Split Mirror copy a Group Mirror Transform a Group Put in Other Object Copy from Other Object 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ? Hold the cursor over a button to get a tool tip description of the function. 11 1. 9 Databanks used by System Hull SB_HULL Cableways SBC_CAWSTRDB Profile parts SBH_PROFDB Drawings SB_PDB Plate parts SB_PLDB Structure Modelling Standards SBD_STD SS004 Equipment SBE_GENEQPDB Components SBE_GENCMPDB Structures SBF_DB_FSTRU Volumes SBD_VOLUME Std Structures SBF_DB_FSTD Pipe SB_PSDB Defaults SBD_DEF1 12 Chapter 2 2 2. 1 The Basics

Start a new drawing on Modelling form cv4 ? ? To start a new drawing select New from the File menu or from the toolbar If there is a current drawing you are asked if it is OK to save the current drawing. You are then prompted to select a drawing form from the standards databank (SBD_STD) ? ? Press List to view all the drawing forms and Select CV4 (a special modelling drawing form). Press Insert to proceed and a new drawing will be created. ? ? Section Looking Aft Profile Looking to Port Plan view Isometric view ? In interactive modelling it is convenient to use a special modelling frame.

The modelling frame consists of a drawing with an arbitrary name and the form CV4. It has four windows representing four predefined views according to the figure above. However modelling is not dependent of the special modelling frame. Any drawing made in the Tribon system containing structure objects can be used as a basis for modelling purposes. A name for the Drawing is given upon saving. ? 13 2. 2 The Structure Menu The functions described in this section affect the whole structure object as one unit. Some of the functions require a structure to be current, other not.

The structure pull down menus are divided into 4 main menus. The Structure menu, the Structure Part menu, the Multiple parts menu and the Cableway menu. Functions to handle structures. creating new activate existing Storing on DB Cancelling recent changes Deleting from DB Displaying the currently activated structure Whole structure transformations Merge structures into current structure Rename part in structure Add production information to structure Move or duplicate a group of structures Creates a General Bar Section Standard structure functions Structure must be current

Additional pull down menus from the structure menu Production Info Group Standard 14 2. 3 Initialise a new structure (make current) This function establishes a structure object in the work area. The object name and the name of the module it will belong to are specified. Also the default colour used when projecting the structure on the screen is specified. The new structure will be current ? ? Choose New from the Structure menu. ? ? Enter a name for the new structure, select a module from the available modules in the current project, choose a colour from the 32 available, and press OK The Subtype is for Access control in TDM environment, to group structures into different subtype groups. 2. 4 ? ? Activate an existing structure ? Drawing STRUCTURE_2. 4 This function appoints one of the structure objects in the workspace to be the current one, or optionally to key in the name of a structure, which will then be input to the workspace. Select Structure > Activate ? ? ? ? Indicate structure to be current or press the (Options) to Key in structure name In the message window there is text that tells you the status of the activated structure 2. 5 ? ? List activated

This function will present the name of current structure to user in the message window. ? ? ? ? Select Structure > List activated In the message window there is text that tells you the name of the active structure 15 2. 6 Save Structure ? ? ? ? Select Structure > Save In the message window there is text that tells you the structure name that has been saved on to the data bank This function saves the current structure object to the structure data bank SBF_DB_FSTRU and deactivates it. ? Note if no changes have been made to the structure, then in the message window it tells us the unchanged object is no longer current. . 7 Cancel Structure If a current structure object exists it will cease to be current after invoking this function. If the current object has been changed, the changes will be ignored and the structure will return to the sate of the last time it was saved, if the structure is new and has not been saved then it will be deleted from the work area and from the screen. A structure should be current when using this function. ? ? Select Structure > Cancel a dialogue box appears and asks if it is OK to cancel the updated structure. ? ?

If Yes is selected then, in the message window there is text that informs you the name of the structure object that is skipped 2. 8 ? ? Delete Structure This function deletes the indicated structure object from the data bank and from the screen. A structure should not be current when using this function. Select Structure > Delete ? ? Indicate structure to be deleted or Press (Options) to Key in structure name, a dialogue box appears and asks if it is OK to delete ? ? In the message window there is text that tells you that the structure has been deleted from the data bank 16 2. 9 Structure naming

Use the menu function ‘Structure ; New’ to create a new structure object. The name of an existing module and a name to give to the created structure object have to be given. The structure name can be chosen arbitrarily but for production using some convention is recommended. The structure name is affected by the STRUCT_NAME keyword in the default file for general design. If the keyword has the value MOD-NAME the module name will be used as a prefix with the ‘-‘ sign as a delimiter. If the keyword has the value NAME the keyed in name will be used as object name. In the training project NAME is the default. 7 2. 10 Create part This function creates a new part in the current structure object. Depending on the component name different actions are taken within the function. If the component is of plate type, enough geometry to make up a closed outer contour must be available on the screen. Once the outer contour is defined only the position along a line perpendicular to the plane has to be given. If the component is of bar type, the direction and length has to be specified. However the direction and length can be regarded as preliminary since they can be easily changed in the Modify and Transform functions. If he component is neither of plate or bar type it is regarded as a general component, which shall not be modified but only positioned in space. When creating a new part, there are two ways in which new part may be created either by using Pseudo components or True components. Structure must be Active ? ? Select New from the Structure Part menu ? ? To Use Pseudo Components, key in ‘#? ’ for help. ? ? Or Key in Name of True Component, see Chapter 3 18 Chapter 3 3 3. 1 Components in Tribon Structure Component classes Structure components are used to define material information. They fall into 3 main categories.

General Component Bar component Plate component (Miscellaneous structure item modelled as volume and places as one item) (Extruded material, section defined by user defined parameters) (flat material defined by user created geometry) To create a part the position in space has to be defined. For bar components also the length has to be specified, and for plate components the outer contour. Together with the component name that gives all the other properties like dimensions, weight, etc. the part is fully specified. In giving the component name two ways exist in the Tribon Structure, giving true components and pseudo components. . 1. 1 3. 1. 1. 1 True and Pseudo components True components The true components are stored in the Component Repository. When adding a component to the data bank a name is given along with all dimensions and other properties. This name is then used in Tribon Structure to refer to the component when creating parts. Plate and bar components are recognized by the system, and thus the outer contour of a plate and the length of a bar must be specified together with the position in space. However any component can be positioned by Tribon Structure. This is useful for elements like shock absorbers and bolts for example.

The component search can be used by pressing option. 3. 1. 1. 2 Structure Miscellaneous components There is a type of structure components available named Structure Miscellaneous Components (Type code 1299xxx). This type of components can have two volume references. A structure part created from such a component can be drawn in two ways. This is to give the user the possibility to define a structure part to have symbol marks for instance. The presentation is controlled by the default variable STRUCOMP_CODE_DRAW and STRUCOMP_CODE_DET in SBD_DEF1.

When STRUCOMP_CODE_DRAW is set to 30 the volume referred by the component volume usage code 30 and detail level STRUCOMP_CODE_DET will be drawn. When STRUCOMP_CODE_DRAW is set to 31 the volume referred by the component volume usage code 31 and detail level STRUCOMP_CODE_DET will be drawn. There is also another default setting that needs to be considered in the SBD_DEF1 file STRUCT_COMP_VOLUME_COLOUR this default controls whether the volume for the miscellaneous structure is draw the same colour as the structure or from the original volume. 19 3. 1. 1. 3 Pseudo components.

The second component type used in the Tribon Structure does not require a component data bank. They are called pseudo components and all the dimensions are specified in the “component” name according to the syntax below. Plates, holes in plates and bars can be created with pseudo components. If three parameters are given for any bar component excluding the flat bar, the system uses the value of also for If only two parameters are given for the same bar component, the system uses the value of also for . To get on line help in Structure Design give #? on the component name prompt. 3. 1. 1. 4 Comparison

The advantage of using pseudo components is that the user can start building structures without having a component data bank. The disadvantage of not having a component data bank becomes obvious for example when extracting production information. For example for the weight calculation steel density is always assumed. Further no material, buying or stock information is connected to a pseudo component. True components and pseudo components can be mixed in a structure object. 20 3. 2 Downloading Structure Components from Tribon. com On the website Tribon. com you will find many “True” Structure components available for download.

Try downloading an equal angle profile of 150x150x10 for example: – 21 3. 3 3. 3. 1 True components (examples) Example of angle bar (True) component 3. 3. 2 Profile information ? Note that the weight for the profile component is the total weight for the 6000mm length 22 Descriptions Material Number: Material identification, usually the same number that is used in a material system. Type : Component type code ? See Tribon Component User’s Guide, Tribon M3 Outfitting Status: ? These fields are not used in M3 but it is necessary to toggle to Preliminary when making a new component.

If fully validated is checked you can not save the component until all required data fields are completed. Supplier: Manufacturer: Material code: Supplier Manufacturer Simplified form of material code meaning: 1. Steel ordinary 2. Steel heat proof 3. Steel stainless 4. Copper, brass 5. Aluminium brass 6. Copper nickel 8. Aluminium alloy 9. Plastic 10. Other materials Type of component Acquisition code (way of stock keeping). The acquisition code can be fetched from a material register of a MIS-system or can be given directly in the component program.

The following codes exist: Int code Meaning code 1,4,5 Stock material 101 Reserved stock material 102 Stock material, to be prepared 2,3 Directly purchased material 103 Directly purchased, to be prepared 104 Already issued 105 To be issued later 106 Prefabrication ordered Component weight. Note that for components with defined length (e. g. normally for pipes), it is the weight for the whole component. However, for components with undefined length (e. g. cables) it is the weight per metre. For certain Accommodation components weight is presented as weight per mm?. For other components (e. . some insulation materials) weight is presented as weight per m?. Signature for the user responsible for the component. Component, preliminary for production, i. e. the component may not be used in production programs. Component, preliminary for modelling, i. e. the component may not be used in modelling programs. Material or drawing description. Technical specification string, used for technical data not stored in specific parameters. Type: Acq. code: Weight (kg (/m)): User resp. : Prod. prel: Model prel: Description: Techn. spec. : 23 3. 3. 3 Example of plate (True) component

Flat Plate 24 3. 3. 4 Example of general component ? Note that the general component need to have the Usage code set to 30 or 31 25 3. 3. 5 Example of General bar section component This function is used to store a closed contour that later on can be used to define for bar components (general crosssections). The contour is stored as a volume object with a user defined name. This volume is then referred from the Components program, when defining a new structure bar component. When defining a general bar component, the volume type should then be set to 2 and the usage code to 90.

It is also possible to override the centre of gravity implied by the closed contour. This is done via the Extensions tab and is given as a 2D point (U,V) in the local coordinate system of the contour. The profile parameters a to u can still be set, but are regarded as added information and has no influence on the crosssection contour. Profiles created by using general bar components cannot be bent, have end-cuts or holes added. ? The General Bar section has to be drawn at a scale of 1:1 and has limitations in that the bar can not show end cut representations or have holes in them.

They can only be modified in length and transformed 26 3. 3. 6 01 02 03 Component type codes and parameters. (Main class = 10) 37 60 Flat Plate 10 Angle bar welded from type 10 38 20 Flat bars and strip 61 62 Round bar and wire Half round bar Angle bar welded from type 10 40 63 Bulb bars 30 Square bar T-bar Angle bar equal thickness 40 64 31 Hexagon bar 43 Angle bar unequal thickness Octagon bar 33 T-bar welded from type 10 50 U-bar Angle bar welded from type 10 and 31 35 51,52,53,54,55 I-bar HE-A-bar HE-B-bar HE-M-bar 56 73 74 Tube 70 71 72 65 Angle bar welded from type 10 36 Z-bar Square tube

Angle bar welded from type 10 27 Exercise 1 create True components Create True components for the following. Create some of them by downloading from Tribon. com. Component Name = PL-10 Profile properties = (Plate 10000mm x 3000mm x 10mm Thk) Material code = Steel Ordinary Type = PL 10 Acquisition code = 103 Weight = 4074. 150 Kg / M2 User Responsible = Your Initials Description = Mild steel plate, Grade A, 10000x3000x10 Thk Component Name = FB-100-10 Profile properties = (Flat bar 6000mm L x 100mm W x 10mm Thk) Material code = Steel Ordinary Type = FB 100 Acquisition code = 103 Weight = 47. Kg / M User Responsible = Your Initials Description = Mild steel flat bar, Grade A, 6000x100x10 Thk Component Name = L-100-50-10 Profile properties = (Unequal angle bar 6000mm L x 100mm x 50mm x 10mm Thick) Material code = Steel Ordinary Type = L 10050 Acquisition code = 103 Weight = 70. 68 Kg / M User Responsible = Your Initials Description = Mild steel unequal angle bar, Grade A, 6000x100x50x10 Thk Component Name = T-75-75-10 Profile properties = (Tee bar 6000mm L x 75mm x 75mm x 10mm Thick) Material code = Steel Ordinary Type = T 75 Acquisition code = 103 Weight = 97. 2 Kg / M User Responsible = Your Initials Description = Mild steel tee bar, Grade A, 6000x75x75x10 Thk 28 3. 4 ? ? ? ? General bar section Open a new drawing and set the drawing scale to 1:1 Draw the shape that you want to represent as a general component ? ? Select General Bar Section from the Structure menu ? ? ? ? Indicate the contour and area and then Press (Operation Complete) A dialogue box appears asking is it OK, and the star is highlighted with a bold cross at the origin, Press Yes, ? ? ? ? A dialogue box now appears asking for the name of the non placed volume Key in the name that you want for the volume and press OK.

The contour is now saved to the volume data base ? ? Open up the drafting application and then open the Volume GENBAR_CROWN ? ? ? ? Now start up the Tribon component maintenance program and navigate to Structure > General Bar Then press the right mouse button and select New ? ? The component data dialogue box now appears, enter the name and the material number for the component. 29 ? ? ? ? The component properties dialogue box now appears, enter the data for the General, Profile and Volume tab Then change the status to fully validated and save the component. ? ? ? ?

Return to the Tribon structure application, open a new drawing and activate a new structure. Select Structure part > New and enter the component name GENBAR-EX that’s just been created ? ? Draw the extents of the profile as directed by the trainer. 30 Exercise 2 Create a General bar section Draw the following shape using the drafting tools, make the shape into a general bar section. Remember that the General bar section has to be drawn at a scale of 1:1, Volume Name = BEAR Component Name = BEAR Description = BEAR for General section Weight = 2. 45 Kg/M Volume Type =2 Volume Scale =1 Volume usage code = 90 Volume detail level = 2 1 32 Chapter 4 4 4. 1 Modelling New Part (plate) A structure must be active. ? Drawing STRUCTURE_4. 1 Before creating a plate part, the plate contour should be drawn at the appropriate scale in the view ? ? Select New from the Structure Part menu then key in the name of true or Pseudo component to be used. ? ? Indicate the contour to be used as reference. ? ? Indicate plate position in a view that intersects the one with geometry. Press (Operation complete) ? ? The plate will be extruded from the geometry, starting at the position specified. ? ? Press (Operation Complete) 33 4. 2 Create hole in plate. (Key in Hole Dim)

A structure with plate parts must be active. This function is used to add holes to a part. The hole can be either a standard hole or a general hole. A standard hole has a component name according to the conventions. To make an arbitrary hole a closed geometry has to exist. Giving H# on the component name prompt will make the system ask the user to identify the hole geometry ? ? Select Hole from the Structure Part menu. ? ? Indicate the plate that the hole will belong to. ? ? Key in the component for a hole defined by parameters. Height, V ? ? Indicate the position for the hole. (2D point can be used. ) Width, W ? ? Press Operation Complete) 4. 3 Delete Part This function will delete the indicated part in the current object and erase it from the screen. Note that holes are handled like parts and this function can be used to delete them as well. To delete one part of a structure object ? ? Select Delete from the Structure Part menu ? ? ? ? Indicate the part you wish to delete with the cursor Press (Operation Complete) 34 4. 3. 1 ? ? Create general hole. A structure with plate parts must be active. And there must be geometry to define the hole contour. Select Hole from the Structure Part menu. ? ? Then indicate the plate that the hole will belong to. ? ? ? Key in H# as the component for a general hole defined by existing geometry. Indicate the geometry to define the hole. ? ? Press (Operation Complete) 4. 4 Copy part This function is used to make one or more copies of an existing part within the current structure object. It uses the general transformation facility to position the new part(s) As with geometry and subpictures the copy part function automatically enters the transform functions so the new part can be moved to the desired location. A structure must be active. ? ? ? ? Select Copy from the Structure Part menu. Indicate the part to copy. In the view you wish to perform transformation. ) ? ? Key in the number of copies you wish to make. ? ? ? ? Transform the new part to the desired position. Press (Operation Complete) 35 4. 5 Create part (profile) A structure must be active. A bar is created by first choosing a component then defining two 3D -points for the bar to be extruded along. Select New from the Structure Part menu and key in the name of component to be used. ? ? Define the start position of the reference line. Use 3D point definitions. For example, a 3D event point. ? (To revise 3D point definitions see M3 Outfit Drafting course. ? ? Then define the end point for the reference line. The profile will be extruded along the reference line. ? The direction of the reference line will determine the rotation of the part along that axis. A part with the wrong rotation (pictured) can be easily fixed using Structure Part > Flip. 36 4. 6 Transform part ? Drawing STRUCTURE_4. 6 This function allows the transformation of individual structure parts, To transform a part of a structure freely, or by using the Way to Transform functions for delta, rotate, mirror etc ? ? Select Transform from the Structure Part menu. ? ?

Indicate the structural part to transform in one of the predefined views in the message window there is a prompt to choose transformation or pick item to drag. ? ? Once the transformation has been preformed in the current view, Press (Operation Complete), now in the message window there is a prompt to select a view or operation complete. ? ? If the structural part requires to be transformed in another view then the view can be selected, if the transformation is complete then Press (Operation Complete) and select another structural part to be transformed or select (Operation Complete) again to end the function. 7 4. 7 Move (locked on reference line) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_4. 7 This function performs a simplified 3-D transformation using the current orientation of the component. Bars are moved along its description line without having the length changed. Plates are moved along a line perpendicular to the plate surface. To move a part of a structure, while it is locked along its reference line. ? ? Select Move from the Structure Part menu. ? ? ? ? Indicate the part to move, with a cursor position CP Define a new position for the indicated reference point. With a cursor position CP 4. 7. 1 Reference points in profiles.

This diagram shows the positions of the extrusion line on a cross section of typical profile parts. 38 Exercise 3 define plates and parts. Model the structure shown below. All plates are 10mm Thick, use the True component PL-10 created in Exercise 1. There is no need to produce the drawing as below. Save the structure for use in a later exercise. ? Note if no model elements are in the CV4 views and the MOD_DEF_SCL and PICT_DEF_SCALE are different then the structure will not be drawn to the correct size. Therefore check that the current drawing scale matches the modelling scale in the SBD_DEF1 file. 39 40 Chapter 5 5. 1 Editing Flip ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 1 Once parts are created they can be easily adjusted and modified using these functions. This function can be used for plates and bars. For plates the mould side is altered, and for bars the cross section is mirrored in the flange plane To change the direction of the event point on a plate or to change the direction the reference line defined for a profile use flip. ? ? Select Flip from the Structure Part menu ? ? Indicate the part to flip with a cursor position CP 5. 2 Modify part ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 2 This function is used to modify bar and plate components.

For bars, the length can be changed by moving an endpoint without changing the orientation. The endpoint closest to the cursor when identifying the bar is chosen. For plates, a node point on the outer contour can be moved in the plane of the plate To change the position of a node on a plate part or to move an end point on a profile use Modify. ? ? Select Modify from the Structure Part menu. ? ? ? ? For a plate select a corner, for a profile select and end. Define a new position for the reference point. For bar components For plate components 41 5. 3 Rename ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 3

This function is used to change the name of a part. The reason to change the name is that the name also defines the type, dimensions, quality and so on. For a plate, the thickness can be changed in this way. For bars, the dimensions as well as the type according to the standard can be changed. However a plate cannot be changed to a bar and vice versa. The rename function can be used to change the material used for a structure part by renaming the component used. ? ? Select Rename from the Structure Part menu. ? ? Indicate the part you wish to change. ? ? Key in the new component (or pseudo component to be used) ?

The thickness of plate part will increase in the direction of the event point. 42 5. 4 Endcuts (Hull standard selection) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4 This function is used to add endcuts to profile parts. The selection of endcuts is done interactively. The function requires the logical name SBH_ENDCUT_CTRL to be assigned to an endcut data control file, and that the drawing __SBH_ECUT_MENU__ exists in the SB_SETTINGS_DB, the available parameters are controlled by the file assigned to SBH_ENDCUT_CTRL in the D065 file, using Init Hull and using the check option will update the drawing in the settings databank with the new parameters.

Standard profile endcuts can be applied to profile parts from the endcut hull tables. ? ? Select Endcut > Key-in from the Structure Part menu ? ? ? ? Indicate the part to add the endcuts to. The Hull standard selection table will appear. Select an endcut type required ? ? ? The type of endcuts displayed will vary with the material selected. (Endcuts for bulb bar and angle bar shown) Press OK then repeat for the other end of the material. ? If you wish to use the old selection type just comment out the sbh_endcut_ctrl. dat from the d065 file 43 5. 5 Endcuts (Key-in) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. This function is used to add endcuts to profile parts. The selection of endcuts is done interactively. The function requires the logical name SBH_ENDCUT_CTRL to be assigned to an endcut data control file Standard profile endcuts can be applied to profile parts from the endcut hull tables. ? ? ? ? ? ? Select Endcut > Key-in from the Structure Part menu Indicate the part to add the endcuts to. Indicate type of endcut to create ? The type of endcuts displayed will vary with the material selected. (Endcuts for angle bar shown) ? ? The endcuts selection table will appear.

Select an endcut type required ? The parameters can be modified by selecting the endcut required and editing the selected item to the required sizes ? ? Press OK then repeat for the other end of the material. 5. 5. 1 Endcut codes. These codes refer to the endcut standards, for example 44 5. 5. 2 Automatic Endcut The endcut can be made automatically to fit the model or 2D line geometry. The Fit beam function moves the end point, to be attached to the selected part or 2D line, but the Modify function is only changing the endcut without adjusting of the length. 5. . 2. 1 ? ? With Model (Fit beam) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4. 2. 1 Select End cut > Fit beam > Model from the Structure Part menu Some of the parts in Structure and Hull model can be used as a base for the endcut as listed below. Part of Structure: L, T, F, I -bars Part of Hull: Plate and stiffener in plane panel. When L-bar of the structure is attached into the L, T; F-bar of structure model, the special shape can be added in case as shown below, otherwise the plane which is proper and closest to the profile to be modified, can be selected for the endcut.

The endcut code to be added into the profile is described as below, L-bar: 2100 with all part and 2600 with L, T, I-bar T-bar: 3100, F-bar: 1100, I-Bar: 17810 ? ? Select part to trim to, then select the part to trim 45 5. 5. 2. 2 ? ? ? ? With 2D line (Fit Beam) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4. 2. 2 The 2D geometry that is to act as the cutting line should be drawn Select End cut >Fit beam > 2D line from the Structure Part menu This tool adds an endcut to the profile. Any 2D line can be selected to be a base of endcut.

Furthermore there are no limitations to the types of geometry and view except that colour shaded solid display view should not be used. This means that pure 2D geometry and the geometry that belongs to the model, for instance a curved stiffener can be used for this purpose. ? ? ? ? Select the base geometry (which will act as the cutting plane) Select the owner ? ? Press (Operation Complete) 46 5. 5. 2. 3 ? ? With Model (Modify) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4. 2. 3 Select End cut > Modify > Model from the Structure Part menu ? ? Select part to trim to, then select the part to trim 5. 5. 2. 4 ? ? With 2D line (Modify) ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. . 2. 4 Select End cut >Modify > 2D line from the Structure Part menu ? ? ? ? ? ? The 2D geometry that is to act as the cutting line should be drawn Select the base geometry (which will act as your cutting plane) Select the owner ? ? Press (Operation Complete) 47 5. 5. 2. 5 Snipe ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4. 2. 5 This function allows us to snipe the profile by 2D line geometry with automatic endcut in current structure It is only possible to insert snip to L, T and F bar. You need endcut definition in OGDB (Hull Standard, 2000, 3000 are new endcut types) ? ? Select End cut > Snipe from the Structure Part menu ? ?

Select Base Geometry which will act as your cutting plane) ? ? Select Owner part ? ? Select another base line geometry or Press (Operation Complete) 5. 5. 2. 6 Endcuts for Round Bar and Tube ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4. 2. 6 Endcut 9999 with the point and the vector defined the plane to cut off the bar is now possible. Fit-beam and modify can also be applied to these components. 48 5. 5. 2. 7 Delete ? Drawing STRUCTURE_5. 4. 2. 7 Endcuts can be deleted and the end point will be returned to the 90 degree end cut type i. e. NO endcut, the graphical representation will be changed. ? ? Select End cut > Delete from the Structure Part menu

October 2, 2017