The purpose of this assignment is to measure the hyper-globalist position on globalisation utilizing illustrations from the fleshiness. The first portion of the assignment will specify globalisation and so briefly summarize what the hyper-globalist position says on globalisation. The 2nd portion of the assignment will critically analyze the hyper-globalist position on globalisation with mention to fleshiness and compare it to what other positions say about globalisation. Several related instances from newspapers and diaries will be used to do points every bit good as statistics as grounds to back up the statements and so eventually integrating all the information to do a decision.
Globalization is defined “ as a procedure or set of procedures which embodies a transmutation in spacial organisation of societal dealingss and minutess, assessed in footings of their extensity, strength, speed and impact, bring forthing transcontinental or interregional flows of webs of activity, interaction and the exercising of power, ” ( Held, 1999 pp. 16 ) . However, there are several other definitions of globalisation because it believed to be hard to specify for some ground ( Zadja and Rust, 2009 ) . In 1998 entirely, globalisation had 3000 definitions ( Zadja et al, 2008 ) .
There are different attacks to globalisation and these are globalist ( optimist or pessimist ) , inter-nationalist and transformationalist, nevertheless the writer will lodge to the optimistic-globalist attack on fleshiness. Optimistic globalist besides known as the hyper-globalist attack welcomes the thought of globalization but focuses on the potency of interconnectednesss and stretched societal dealingss to convey people together, better the quality of everybody ‘s lives, ‘global small town ‘ advancing the sharing of civilizations and intermingling of peoples ‘ across the universe in metropoliss and towns, so that we are all become ‘world citizens ‘ through planetary communicating, travel and work flows. They admit that there are planetary jobs excessively, but believe new engineerings and planetary thoughts can cut down the menace of planetary pollution. They say that planetary constructions can make a better occupation at undertaking large economic and societal jobs than states and states ( Stiglitz, 2008 ) . Fleshiness can be defined as holding a organic structure weight more than 20 per cent greater than recommended for the appropriate tallness and an person can be at hazard from several serious unwellnesss including Diabetics and Heart Disease ( Nice Guidelines, 2009 ) . World Health Organisation ( 2003 ) defines it as the presence of high degrees of stored organic structure fat.
From the globalist position, globalisation possible benefits are ‘to improve the quality of everybody ‘s lives ‘ . This is non so on the topic of fleshiness because statistics show that between 1988 and 1999, per centum of entire energy consumption from fat increased from 23.5 % to 30.3 % and between 1984 and 1998, purchases of refined saccharides increased by 37.2 % ( Rivera et al, 2002 ; Rivera et Al, 2004 ; ) . Although the absolute additions of fat were higher in the wealthier north and Mexico City ( 30-32 % ) , the poorer southern part besides experienced a important addition ( 22 % ) . At the same clip, tendencies in fleshiness and diabetes are making “ epidemic ” proportions. Overweight/obesity increased 78 % between 1988 and 1998, from 33 % to 59 % ( Rivera, 2002 ) . Obesity is now rather high in some hapless rural communities ( Sanchez-Castillo, 2001 ) : the greatest comparative alterations occurred in the poorer southern part ( 81 % ) compared to the wealthier north ( 46 % ) . More recent figures estimated overweight/obesity at 62.5 % in 2004. While the corpulent clearly consume sufficient energy, the same can non be said of micronutrients: adult females who are scraggy, normal weight or overweight/obese are every bit likely to endure from anemia ( Eckhardt et al, 2005 ) . Fleshiness is besides giving rise to an epidemic of diabetes which is lifting fastest in the hapless parts ( Jimenez-Cruz et Al, 2002 ) . Over 8 % of Mexicans now have diabetes, which the WHO estimates costs the state US $ 15 billion a twelvemonth ( Barcelo et al, 2003 ; Martorell, 2005 ) . In 2001 Obesity was estimated to impact about 1 billion people in the universe ( WHO, 2002 ) and in 2010, it was still viewed as a planetary epidemic with its prevalence increasing in both developed and developing states ( Meetoo, 2010 ) . Recently, globalisation has been applauded for increasing people ‘s wealth but besides increasing their waists lines ( www.hsph.harvard.edu ) . An estimated 500 million grownups worldwide are corpulent and 1.5 billion are overweight or corpulent ( Finucane, 2011 ) and if recent tendencies continue unabated, about 60 per cent of the universe ‘s population, 3.3 billion people could be overweight ( 2.2 billion ) or corpulent ( 1.1 billion ) by 2030 ( Kelly et al, 2008 ; Popkin 2006 ) .
It is apparent that globalisation has created a toxic environment ( Brownell, 1994 ; Battle and Brownell, 1997 ) . The term ‘toxic ‘ refers to the unprecedented exposure to energy-dense, to a great extent advertised, cheap and extremely accessible nutrient, and this, when combined with a sedentary life style, consequences in fleshiness ( Gortmaker et al, 1996 ) . Examples of the toxic environment include fast-food eating houses ( Harnack et al, 2000 ; Nielsen et Al, 2002 ) , big part sizes ( Harnack et al, 2000 ; Smiciklas-Wright et Al, 2003 ) , fast-food franchises, counter eating houses, minimarkets in gasoline filling Stationss ( Foreyt and Goodrick, 1995 ) and the usage of microwave ovens to cook comparatively inexpensive prepared repasts with high fat and thermal content ( Mintz, 1996 ) .
From the above statistics it shows that hyper-globalists are non incorrect to state globalization ‘improves the quality of everybody ‘s lives ‘ . Internationalists agree to this statement by stating “ there have been additions in planetary flows of money and trade around the universe, ” ( Hirst & A ; Thompson, 1999 ) .
It has improved people ‘s lives to some extent by increasing their wealth but as Gotmaker et Al, ( 1996 ) says it has created a universe of inexpensive nutrient, hence increasing people ‘s waist lines. Statistics still show that fleshiness is on the rise hence the statement that globalization improves the wellness of people ‘s lives is non precisely true. Transformationalists suggest that globalisation ‘is existent, of import and should non be underestimated ‘ ( Held and McGrew, 2003 ) , this is someway true because if the statistics ate demoing that fleshiness is a planetary epidemic, so it means the effects of globalisation can non be underestimated. The fact that there is inexpensive fast nutrient everyplace around the Earth harmonizing to Gotmaker, so it means globalisation is existent and really of import and should non be underestimated because the inexpensive fast nutrient it created is doing fleshiness around the Earth.
Pessimistic globalists believe that ‘there are many groups and persons who are the victims of globalisation, such as adult females, unskilled manual laborers, and local tribal people, amongst many others ‘ Bauman, 1998. This seems to be true harmonizing to ( Jimenez-Cruz et Al, 2002 ) who says fleshiness has given rise to an epidemic of diabetes which is lifting fastest in the hapless parts. Pessimistic globalists are right to state some parts are ‘victims of globalisation ‘ because the hapless parts mentioned by Jiminez-Cruz et Al ( 2002 ) are affected by globalisation and hence ; their wellness is non being improved but being made worse, which goes against the statement of hyper-globalists of ‘globalisation improves the wellness of people ‘s lives ‘ .
Transformationalists suggest that the impacts of globalisation are ‘uneven and typical ‘ . This is true when looking at the statement by Finucane, ( 2011 ) who calculated an estimated 500 million grownups worldwide are corpulent and 1.5 billion are overweight or corpulent. One could reason and state 500 million is a typical figure of people populating with fleshiness and even the 1.5 billion people who are overweight. The variability of globalisation is what has been already discussed in the paragraph above whereby hapless parts are victims.
It seems hyper-globalists have exaggerated the goodness of globalisation by stating ‘new engineerings and planetary thoughts can cut down the menace of planetary pollution ‘ . Looking at microwaves ( new engineering ) they have been accused of doing life easy for people to heat ready- made high Calories nutrient doing fleshiness, diabetes and high blood pressure as mentioned above. They besides said ‘global constructions can make a better occupation at undertaking large economic and societal jobs than states and states ‘ . This statement is hard to digest because fleshiness ( wellness jeopardy ) is on the rise which shows that globalization has non done a better occupation at undertaking this job. To summarize, transformationalists are right to state they ‘want new and progressive constructions to germinate at the planetary degree that are non present now ‘ . New and progressive construction that may cover with fleshiness will be ideal because fleshiness will non merely stop as fleshiness but will convey a batch of complications in peoples ‘ lives such as bosom disease, diabetes, high blood pressure which is non healthy. Internationalists support transformationalists by stating that the planetary constructions can be challenged to make a better occupation in undertaking jobs like pollution, trafficking and poorness, amongst others ( fleshiness ) .
In decision, globalisation has improved the quality of life for many people in the underdeveloped universe by increasing their wealth ; nevertheless, it has besides increased entree to cheap, unhealthy nutrients and generated more sedentary, urban life styles. From a public wellness position, the combination of these alterations is making a “ perfect storm ” , a ruinous and dearly-won rise in fleshiness and obesity-related diseases in states that, at the same clip, are still fighting with malnutrition and high rates of infective diseases.
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