PARAGRAPH BY PROCESS Process Signal words Context Clues PARAGRAPH BY DESCRIPTION Description Signal Words Figures of Speech Among the signal words to denote time sequence are: first, second, third, next, until, then, later, while, to begin, to start, at the end, afterwards, soon, meanwhile, eventually, subsequently, lastly, finally, and so on. Context Clues are hints provided by the words and the sentences surrounding the unfamiliar word. What Is a Description Paragraph?
Preferably, description paragraphs should concentrate on action (verbs), rather than sensations (adverbs and adjectives). Writers should assume the role of readers whose idea of the described events is, in entirety, constructed by the paragraph content. Description paragraphs should be detailed, clear, and render the represented reality chronologically. Rather than providing advice, descriptive paragraphs ought to focus on essential information that is presented in a step-by-step manner.
Example of a Description Paragraph Read the following sample of a description paragraph and pay attention to the way in which information is provided – how the thought described in the paragraph unfolds. Also, pay attention to the informative content comprised in the fragment below: Writers commit plagiarism every time they reword sources without crediting original authors or fail to reference their sources appropriately. Plagiarism through paraphrasing can happen in two cases.
First, writer may choose to substitute some words from the original with different vocabulary, rearrange words, or rearrange the whole paragraph. In this way, he or she presents stolen information expressing it with his or her own words. And second, writer may try to use exactly the same vocabulary and stylistic constructions and use them with respect to another context. Plagiarism occurs in both cases. Elements of a Description Paragraph Descriptive paragraphs contain the following elements: Information – descriptive paragraphs describe ideas and things, as well as inform about their functions; * Context – in descriptive paragraphs, information is always contextualized. Moreover, the context in which given piece of information is presented is also subject to description and evaluation; * Descriptive language – descriptive paragraphs use considerable amounts of vocabulary that describes action (verbs), as well as vocabulary denoting value and attributes of thins (nouns, adverbs, and adjectives).
Signal words most commonly used to denote location or direction are: to the left, from near to far, to the right, from far to near, from the top to bottom, across, nearby/adjacent, and so on. Figure of Speech Beside simile, metaphor, and hyperbole, some other figures of speech commonly used are personification, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony.