Instrumentation, variables and data collection analysis.

This survey is a quantitative research. A questionnaire is used for informations aggregation and the Statistical Package for the Social Science ( SPSS ) plan used for informations analysis. The undermentioned variables have been set up: pupils ‘ gender, pupils ‘ class of the Thai topic in old semester ; and instructors ‘ personality and learning techniques. Oppenheim ( 1966 ) suggests that the Likert graduated table can be used for cognizing the theory of attitude or attitude form. In instance of attitude, this can be measured by utilizing evaluation graduated table. The instrumental research was a questionnaire which was designed by detecting and using from other questionnaires. After analysing informations, consequences of the survey are described and tabular arraies are used to expose research inside informations. Additionally, interviews were conducted in order to roll up qualitative information. Finally, research consequences will besides be suitably utilised to develop learning techniques every bit good as learning AIDSs for the Thai topic.

3.2 Samples of the Study

The population of the survey was 816 pupils in Matthayom suksa 3, Prapathom Witthayalai school, Nakorn Pathom. Samples of the survey were 300 pupils in Matthayom Suksa 3, Prapathom Witthayalai school, Nakorn Pathom state in the first semester of the twelvemonth 2551. All pupils were chosen by stratify random sampling by utilizing the Taro Yamane ‘s tabular array ( Suvimol Tirakanan, 2542: 155-156 cited in Sil Panpinit, 2549:135 ) sample group at the significance of.05. Students ‘ ages are among 15-16 yeas old. There are 298 pupils who returned the questionnaires. After reexamining the responses, 274 questionnaires are wholly answered ; being, 152 males pupil and 122 females pupil.

3.3 Instrumentality

In this survey, the instrument is pupils ‘ motive and attitude toward the Thai topic which was adapted from questionnaires and questioning. Some portion of the questionnaire was composed based on the information the research worker collected on an observation in January, 2008. This questionnaire was divided into three parts as follows:

Part 1: General information of pupils: gender, The Thai topic class

Part 2: Attitude towards the Thai topic within 48 points and

open- ended six points:

2.1 Attitude towards Thai instructors ( eight points, closed-end inquiries and one open-ended inquiry )

2.2 Attitude towards Thai learning method and stuffs ( eight points, closed-end inquiries and one open-ended inquiry )

2.3 Attitude towards Thai content ( eight points, closed-end inquiries and one open-ended inquiry )

2.4 Attitude towards the function of Thai topic in Thai society ( eight points, closed-end inquiries and one open-ended inquiry )

2.5 Attitude towards an importance of Thai topic on pupils ‘ position ( eight points, closed- terminal inquiries and one open-ended inquiry )

2.6 Attitude towards the utility of Thai topic for the pupils ‘ instruction and calling ( eight points, closed-end inquiries and one open-ended inquiry )

Part 3: Motivation towards the Thai topic within 30 points, divided into two parts:

3.1 Intrinsic motive ( 15 points, closed-end inquiries )

3.2 Extrinsic motive ( 15 points, closed-end inquiries )

3.3 Open-ended inquiries about intrinsic/extrinsic motive.

The questionnaire consisted of 85 points, both of closed-end and open-ended inquiries, mensurating motive and attitude towards the Thai topic. The questionnaire examined by the research worker ‘s advisers for content cogency and dependability Conbrach ‘s Alpha is used at the significance.05.

For the in-depth interviewing, the research worker collected inquiries to interview:

– Chairat Padermrod ; the rule of Prapathom Witthayalai school.

– The three out of five Thai instructors are chosen. As for the other two instructors, they do non hold to learn to the full because they are learning trainers for undergraduate pupils who teach Thai. Among three Thai instructors, there are two 53 year-old females, and one 47 year-old male. He graduated from Srinakharinwirot University, Phitsanulok, and unmarried man grade in the module of Social Sciences. He has started learning since 2534 B.E. until now. As for the other two Thai instructors, they both graduated from Teacher ‘s college, Nakorn Pathom, unmarried man grade, the major of Thai. One of them has started learning since 2519 B.E. and has worked for Prapathom Witthayalai school since 2526 until now, and another 1 has started learning at the primary school, Nakorn Chaisri, and has moved to Prapathom Witthayalai school since 2538 B.E. until now.

– The inquiries for the decision maker consisted of eight inquiries covering

The general information of school, the process of instruction and acquisition, jobs

about instruction and larning Thai.

– The inquiries for the Thai instructors consisted of 16 inquiries covering the general information of instructor, education/work backgrounds, learning methodological analysis, stuffs used throughout puting lesson program, and schoolroom research.

3.4 Variables in the Survey

In this survey, the research worker distributes variables into independent and dependent variables. Independent variables consist of:

3.4.1 Students ‘ gender

Male

Female

3.4.2 Teachers ‘ personality

3.4.3 Teaching techniques

3.4.4 Students ‘ class of the Thai topic in the old semester.

The gender of pupils may impact motive and attitude towards the Thai topic. Harmonizing to Sutcharit Peanchob and Saijai Inthararumpan ( 2538 ) , Aiken ( 2002 ) province that females may hold higher motive and attitude than males. In add-on, Thai instructors who use an interesting media or method may impact pupils ‘ motive and attitude. Besides, pupils ‘ classs in the Thai topic, indicate that those who achieve higher classs may hold higher motive and attitude than pupils who receive lower classs.

Dependent variables consist of:

3.4.5 Motivation towards the Thai topic.

3.4.6 Attitude towards the Thai topic.

3.5 Data Collection

This survey is a study research that survey in motive and attitude towards Thai topic of pupils in Matthayom Suksa 3: A Case of Students in Matthayom Suksa 3 Prapathom Witthayalai School, Nakorn Pathom. The procedure of informations aggregation is as follows:

3.5.1 To make the pilot survey, 30 pupils in Matthayom Suksa 3, Princess Sirindhorn ‘s College, Nakorn Pathom were selected. There were 15 males and 15 females. Princess Sirindhorn ‘s College has similar background as Prapathom Witthayalai ; that is, they use the same course of study, there are secondary pupils both males and females who have rather similar backgrounds. Therefore, the research worker contacted the rule of Princess Sirindhorn College, Nakorn Pathom to bespeak permission to utilize the questionnaires for this survey by directing an official license from Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia, Mahidol University.

3.5.2 The revised questionnaire was tested with 30 pupils from Sirinthorn Ratjhawitthayalai School to corroborate the dependability of the questionnaire.

3.5.3 The research worker analyzed the cogency of the questionnaire content ( .8069 for attitude trial, .8335 for extrinsic motive trial, and.9699 for intrinsic motive trial, severally ) by utilizing the coefficient expression of Conbrach ‘s Alpha correlativity ( Preecha Asawadechanukorn, Sorachai Pisanbuth & A ; Saowaroj Yaisawang, 2549 ) .

3.5.4 After the questionnaire has been finalized, the research worker contacted the rule of Prapathom Witthayalai School, Nakorn Pathom to bespeak permission to carry on this survey by directing an official license from Research Institute for Language and Culture of Asia, Mahidol University.

3.5.5 After the rule of Prapathom Witthayalai School, Nakorn Pathom allowed the research worker to roll up informations from the pupils in Matthayom Suksa 3, the research worker informed the proposed agenda, the information processing and aims of this survey to the instructors who teach the Thai topic so they may administer the questionnaires.

3.5.6 Fixing the questionnaire adequate transcripts of the sample group that was puting in the collection of informations.

3.5.7 Collecting informations after category ( possibly in the Thai capable category and they will have the questionnaire in individual ) the research worker will let pupils to hold 10-15 proceedingss to complete the questionnaires. The research worker and the instructors will remain in schoolroom and instructors will administrate the questionnaires. After that, the research worker will roll up the questionnaires and choose the questionnaires which are wholly filled out for analysis in the following measure.

3.6 Data Analysis

Harmonizing to the intents of this survey, all the information has been rechecked for completeness and analyzed by the SPSS plan devices. The consequences are described and illustrated on tabular arraies. Statistical devices used in this survey are demonstrated as follows:

3.6.1 Percentage ( % ) is used to demo the general information of the sample group.

Percentage of interesting informations

where = Numberss of interesting informations

= Numberss of entire informations

3.6.2 Means ( ) ; mean value of informations set, and standard divergence ( S.D. ) ; the fluctuation of informations set from the mean, it shows the scattering of the information set. They will be used to expose the motive and attitude of the pupils.

Mean of a sample ( )

where = mean of sample

= sum all the elements [ Numberss ] in the distribution

= Numberss of entire informations ( population )

3.6.3 The Independent Samples T-test is used to analyze the statistical significance of the motive between male-female, attitude between male-female. If the value of ‘p’a‰¤ .05, it means there is a significantly difference between the informations sets. On the contrary, if ‘p ‘ .05, this means the difference is non important.

3.6.4 F-test by ANOVA ( Analysis of discrepancy ) is used for happening the differences between the attitude and the motive of the pupils which are divided by Thai classs into 3 groups. Besides, multiple comparing trial of Scheffe is used for analyzing if braces of independent variables are significantly different. In this survey, the degree of significance of a trial is set at 0.05. If a‰¤ .05. This means there is a significantly difference between the informations sets. Conversely, if.05, this means the difference is non important.

3.6.5 Analysis of informations about pupils ‘ motive and attitude towards Thai topic is in two parts by utilizing five graduated tables as follow:

4.51 – 5.00 = Strongly agree

3.51 – 4.50 = Agree

2.51 – 3.50 = Neither agree nor disagree

1.51 – 2.50 = Disagree

1.00 – 1.50 = Strongly disagree

3.6.6 Illustration in the signifier of tabular arraies, saloon chart, histogram, and describe inside informations.

Once the research worker coatings roll uping all informations, SPSS will be used to cipher the per centum of the general informations such as the Numberss of valid and invalid of the sample group. After that, means and standard divergence will be used to demo the motive and attitude of the pupils and so T-test, F-test by One-Way ANOVA and Scheffe are the tool for hypotheses proving. After all the information is analyzed, the consequences of survey will be shown in the chapter IV.

July 14, 2017