CHAPTER 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies This chapter present the literatures related to the proposed system for Bethel Lutheran School. These will be the basis making the proposed system. 2. 1 Review of Related Literature The Related Literature that we use in the Enrollment System for Bethel Lutheran School is useful in the sense of functions and features that the enrollment system has. The relationship in every sample brings us a good realization of the whole system. 2. 1. 1 Review of Related local Literature
Selling Trust Keeps Insures On Top “There must be full transparency and full disclosure of earnings in order to earn trust. The company must not hide behind fine thread. ” Jose Cuisa Jr. (President and Chief Executive officer of Philamlife of the Phil. ) Explanation: -The transparency of each payment by enrollees and bill of the school is essential like what Jose Cuisa Jr. says. So the systems for Bethel also have it. There must haves by any computer data storage, therefore, remain constant, albeit to varying degrees according to buyers.
These include: storage volatility(ability to store with or without supply of electricity), differentiation (the need to refresh or not to refresh for data to remain up-to-date), mutability(ability to rewritten or not), capacity (amount of stored information that a storage device or medium can contain), and performance (how fast it saves, can be accessed, etcetera). Philippines PC World (Vol. 22 No. 7 September,2010) Explanation: -Since the enrollment will contain and store data, the system be flexible when the data is stored, how prepare and performance like how fast the system will be.
The statement suggestion is the same of the idea that the enrollment system for Bethel is same. TV of the FUTURE Backup systems ideally run in the background without much human effort and let you restore data to specific points in time. Look for backup system, such as a disk-to-disk-to-cloud setup. -PCWORLD March 2011 BLOCK SPAM FOR FREE IN THE MAIL APP OF YOUR CHOICE The sheer volume of spam hurts your productivity and spam like messages often conceal threats to privacy and security in the form of browser hijackers, phishing exploits, and viruses. * PC WORLD PHILIPPINES
Explanation: -The statement is all about privacy and security, though our system is safe to the spammers, because it is not web-based. We only get the thought that only the trusty person can access to the system to avoid hijackers and privacy of whole system. -The PRICE is RIGHT We based our evaluation here on the ease of use, polish, flexibility, and layout of each browser’s interface. We also looked at whether the interface got in the user’s way too much, or whether it allowed Websites to take center stage. PCWORLD October 2010 | PSBank offers double security | |
MANILA, Philippines – Double your banking security every time you transact online through the PSBank Remote Key. This is an added security device that protects you from online identity theft and prevents malicious individuals from accessing your online account. It is a small handy gadget that randomly generates a series of numbers that you need to enter along with your username and pass-phrase to log into your PSBank Remote Banking account. Now you’ll have more security every time you access PSBank Remote Banking (PRB), PSBank’s 24/7 online facility. Check your account balance, view or pay your ills, view your loan account details, see images of your paid checks and transfer funds. Get a PSBank Remote Key from your nearest PSBank branch for only P500! Inquire now or visit THE PHILIPPINE STAR-http://www. philstar. com/Article. aspx? articleId=677734&publicationSubCategoryId=74 http://www. philstar. com/Default. aspx? t=14-03&t=14-14-1 RCBC switching to paperless banking | | MANILA, Philippines – Switch to paperless online banking with the Rizal Commercial Banking Corp. (RCBC), and you get to do your share in saving the environment – plus get the chance to win fabulous freebies and prizes!
RCBC launched its Go Paperless Promo for all its checking account holders. The promo encourages all clients to minimize the use of printed materials by doing their transactions through electronic channels like the Internet, the telephone and their mobile phones, thus, reducing the use of paper. This they can do by enrolling their accounts to the more convenient RCBC AccessOne online bankingportal, which will allow them to view their e-statements anytime, anywhere. THE PHILLIPINE STAR http://www. philstar. com/Default. aspx? t=14-03&t=14-14-1 ————————————————- ttp://www. philstar. com/Article. aspx? articleId=707512&publicationSubCategoryId=74 Banking public wants more digital, mobile banking| | “We are upgrading our technologies and databases across the board to make the consumer experience as user-friendly as possible and our institutional offerings more efficient. We’re in the process of rolling out flagship branches with smart banking technology in major markets. We will link up all our systems so that customers can travel seamlessly from country to country without seeing any decrease in connectivity or service,” Pandit told the ublication. http://www. philstar. com/Article. aspx? articleId=668402&publicationSubCategoryId=74 http://www. philstar. com/Default. aspx? t=14-03&t=14-14-1 2. 1. 2 Review of Related Foreign Literature Client Server Clients use low cost terminals to make service request from services. In this manner, server costs and services are shared between all users and minimized. The Computer Engineering Handbook by Oklobdzija Explanation: -The statement by Oklobzjia will be related by having a admin module that can control and manipulate the whole system.
Like the ability of the client server can do. DATA MODELING and DATABASE DESIGN In order to access data, the data must be organized. For sequential access, this means that all records in a file must be stored (organized) ordered on some unique identifier, such as employee number, inventory number, flight number, account number, or stock symbol. A serial (unordered) collection of records, also known as a heap file, cannot provide sequential access. For direct access, the records in a file can stored serially and be organized either randomly or using an external index.
A randomly organized file is one in which the value of a unique identifier is processed by some sort of transformation routine (often called a hashing algorithm) that computes the location of records within the file. * Narayan S. Umanath , Richard W. Scamell Explanation: -The enrollment system for Bethel Lutheran School is needed to have a better way of organizing the students and their information. Like what the literature explains, there are some unique identifiers for entities that must be give importance. It is the same to our system in the sense of better way of sectioning the students and their information’s.
School Billing Software Billing Plus, the Administrator’s Plus module for billing management, provides private and public schools with powerful features that will save administrative staff time in student invoicing, data entry and financial record keeping. Designed for ease-of-use and flexibility, our billing management software allows school staff to easily handle a wide range of billing tasks – from invoicing and payment data entry, to tuition plans, financial record keeping and billing-related reporting. http://www. rediker. com/billing_plus. tml Warehouse Receipt System Warehouse receipt systems were developed in the 1990s as a response to farmers’ income instability due to price fluctuations resulting from liberalisation. Since prices tend to be low during harvest periods and to subsequently rise, warehouse receipt systems provide a solution by storing commodities for the suration of the low price season. Price volatility and lack of quality standards are attributed to market liberalization in the agricultural sector. Mobile Market Design for Development http://mmd4d. wordpress. om/2009/05/12/warehouse-receipt-systems-and-agricultural-commodity-exchanges/ Explanation: the receipt system of Warehouse will be useful in the enrollment system to provide and give solution to the function that will generate a clear view of payments and transaction. it will also provide a better way of making the transaction well record. School Tuition Billing You don’t just bill for balances owed. You bill for tuition, which makes your needs different from all the rest. You need to consider financial aid, split payments from divorced parents, fees assessed for specific classes, and ther special circumstances. That’s why you need a solution that allows you to assess and collect fees and tuition based on your policies, not someone else’s. Charleston, SC, USA (blackbaud) http://www. blackbaud. com/products/school/student_billing. aspx Explanation: The suggestion and proper way of billing relates to the Enrollment system for Bethel Lutheran by making the system more specific to which payments will be process. Giving more explanation about the whole topic of billing in the enrollment. In short the tuition billing of the school will be easy.
The Ivoicer Billing and Payment System The Invoicer is an intuitive billing and invoicing system designed for the small professional office that wants to use the power of the Internet to invoice clients. There are numerous accounting systems available, but most of them are either specialized for one particular purpose or too complicated to be safe for your clients to use. The Invoicer is different. | | Now you have a way to keep your clients up-to-date on their most recent bills and payments online, all while keeping your records current. http://invoicer. basics. biz/ Explanation: The system will relate to the proposed system for Bethel Lutheran in the accounting and tracking of payment of each student. It will make the transaction also save and private. Data Organisation Methods: Non-Computerised Information Systems Organising is the process of arranging, representing and formatting data. Include telephone books, dictionaries, recipe books, encyclopaedias and anything else which has organised and collected data to make it useful information which is designed to solve a problem and for a purpose.
It will be organised and sorted alphabetically, numerically or in some other way which makes inherent sense of the data. For instance how useful would a telephone directory be if it was not sorted in some useful way. It would be entirely unusable. http://bettscomputers. com/noncomputerisedmethods. htm UP Computerized Registration System Generally, pre-enlistment is done randomly so the reason you did not get your desired subjects may be due to statistical probability and more importantly, becausethere were not enough slots to satisfy demand for RGEP, PE, and other servicecourses.
The reason students cannot enlist in their desired classes is usually due tolimited slots. Only the departments/colleges offering these subjects can do somethingabout the problem of limited slots. Please contact the department/college concerneddirectly for any questions regarding additional classes or slots. -(https://crs2. upd. edu. ph/faq) 2. 2 Review of Related Studies The part of related studies will show the same studies of some enrollment system. It will provide basic ideas that will help and relate it to the proposed system. 2. 2. Review of Related local Studies There must haves by any computer data storage, therefore, remain constant, albeit to varying degrees according to buyers. These include: storage volatility(ability to store with or without supply of electricity), differentiation (the need to refresh or not to refresh for data to remain up-to-date), mutability(ability to rewritten or not), capacity (amount of stored information that a storage device or medium can contain), and performance (how fast it saves, can be accessed, etcetera). Philippines PC World (Vol. 22 No. September,2010) Explanation: -Since the enrollment will contain and store data, the system be flexible when the data is stored, how prepare and performance like how fast the system will be. The statement suggestion is the same of the idea that the enrollment system for Bethel is same. Far Eastern University Enrollment System With its 25,000 students, Far Eastern University (FEU) ranks among the biggest universities in the country in terms of population. And with a large population comes multiple problems in enrollment, student records and related data.
Wanting a lasting solution to the problem, FEU asked consultants for recommendations. The result was a decision to automate FEU’s enrollment system. FEU decided to automate the enrollment system in two phases: (1), the development of a system for enrollment and student records for Phase I, and (2) the integration of the student’s financial records for. They worked closely with SQL*Wizard to pilot E*Wizard, an integrated system for student enrollment that contains modules with extensive inquiry and reporting capabilities. They also tapped FEU’s Computer Services Department to iron out kinks.
They reviewed organizational structures, assigned people to support groups and asked faculty advisers and staff to train. She also met with the representatives of individual institutes and with the support of the academic managers and SQL*Wizard’s technical group, plotted the move to launch an integrated system during the second semester. The preparation involved cleaning the database, standardizing labels for subject and preparing the subject requirements. http://www. scribd. com/doc/39154553/Study-and-Design-of-Computerized-Enrollment-System-Documentation —
Samar State University Automated Enrollment System Technology innovations had influenced man’s work, from data processing, business transactions, research, planning, monitoring and even in medical operation of man’s body is now entrusted to computer technology. Samar State University (SSU) as one of the University in Samar Island aims to be the center of excellence in education had recently made changes to some of its existing systems. The enrollment system of the university is now computerized, and other systems are on its way.
This only show that they are coping with the latest technology. The Automated Enrollment System of Samar State University aims for an accurate, user friendly, efficient system that can help both the student and personnel for fast data processing of enrollment. Engr. Hediki Hashimoto, a Japanese volunteer headed the creation and conceptualization of the system. The information technology faculty from the College of Engineering and Arts and Sciences assisted him. The system that is web based uses PHP programming language with data stored in MySQL is run through the intranet of SSU.
A dry-run for this automated enrolment was done last summer and the first semester of this school year. Offices affected with the automation were the registrar, cashier, accounting, and the Colleges of Education, Engineering, Arts and Sciences, Industrial Technology, Nursing and Graduate Studies. Feedbacks from the students were formulated when the first semester started. Over 75 % of them say that the automation process of enrollment was better compared with the old system. With the good result of the dry run the automated enrolment system will be finally implemented this 2nd semester. ttp://www. scribd. com/doc/39154553/Study-and-Design-of-Computerized-Enrollment-System-Documentation — University of the East Enrollment System “Accessible” and “convenient” best describe UE’s new web-based enrollment system. From its start page and interface to its buttons and icons, the web-based enrollment system is virtually the same as the University’s online enrollment system, which has been utilized for over 10 years now, to ensure that the new system will be user-friendly and can be easily navigated.
Furthermore, the basic functions and options are also the same such as changing, adding and deleting of previously selected subjects as well as choosing one’s mode of payment. The only concrete difference between the two systems is that the new, web-based system can be accessed anytime, anywhere through the Internet; the original, online system can be accessed only within the UE Campuses. The web-based enrollment system also requires an enrollee to type in his birth date after logging in for identification and additional security.
Given the basic possibility that the web-based enrollment system may become overwhelmed and its efficiency affected during the peak of enrollment due to the increasing number of users, the University has gone a step ahead, well-equipped with all forms of technology and related equipment needed to support and sustain the performance of the new system. These include the 1000mbps fiber-optic gigabit connectivity, which generates higher bandwidth and ensures the reliability of the new system. Another unique feature of the new system is he option to print a temporary registration card, which bears the selected subjects and schedules. This temporary registration card will be used later as reference for bank payments. On the other end, an enrollee may also opt to simply save the selected subjects and schedules so changes can still be made. An enrollee will be given two days as validity date before settling his or her account, which starts after saving his or her enrollment data. For its initial implementation, the web-based enrollment system is open to upperclassmen with no outstanding accounts, no record of scholastic delinquencies and/or administrative case.
It is also open to foreign students who have been given clearance by the Department of Registration and Records Management (DRRM) and the Office of Admissions after having complied with the requirements of the University and the Philippine government. Since all web-based applications are interrelated, students can check if they are officially enrolled after paying at any branch of Allied Bank and PNB nationwide, by visiting the UE website and logging in at the Student Portal under the “Academics” menu and clicking “Class Schedule. The new enrollment system is another in-house development of the University, which means that upgrades and improvements to it can easily be carried out when needed, thus making it flexible to meet the requirements of users. “Enrollment has never been this easy” are the words a student might utter while using the new web-based enrollment system. Instead of going to the University and completing the entire process of enrollment physically, students can simply browse the Internet, enter the UE website and start enrolling, saving them time and energy.
Just like the other web-applications and computerized systems, the new system is user-friendly for easy navigation, giving them a taste as well of the Total Student Care program by the University. The University itself projects a better image with the new system, further underscoring its utilization of the increasing advantages of the Internet and web-based applications. While maximizing the use of technology, the University also increases its level of service and saves a lot in terms of manpower, energy, maintenance, facilities and other resources.
With the new web-based enrollment system, the University’s transformation as one of the technologically driven institution is made more apparent, further paving its way to becoming an institutional leader in applied information technology. http://www. ue. edu. ph/manila/uetoday/index. php? nav=19. htm&archive=200805 — 2. 2. 2. Review of Related Foreign Studies “Student information is also protected by strict state and federal student privacy laws. Confidential data about individual students will not be accessible to the public. The public will not have access to the DPI confidential data base. “
By State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Evers Explanation: -Security and privacy of students information and confidential data is a must for the enrollment system. Limited data can only be seen in public. Like the Winsconcin’s Enrollment System. —- Districts will use Wisconsin student numbers (WSNs) instead of names to submit data about student educational progress, such as attendance, grade level placement, dropout, graduation credentials, or acquisition of English proficiency. This will protect student privacy and facilitate reporting. by State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Evers
Explanation: -Creating a student number is the main request of the owner of Bethel Lutheran School so the system for the school will create it for every student. The statement by Tony Evers is related to the system we are making by the use of Student no. as unique identifier for the students. http://dpi. wi. gov/lbstat/isesfaq2. html Long Beach City College Enrollment System Southern California community college Long Beach City College has gone live with anew Cognos-based enrollment management system that was designed by Irvine, CA-based professional services firm e2e Analytix.
Prior to installing the new system, LBCC, which has two main campuses and multiple satellites that support nine schools and 34 departments, handled its enrollment via manual spreadsheets. With no reporting, continuity, or standard practices, and with lengthy error corrections, the school’s enrollment management budgeting and planning took up to three months to compile, consolidate, and implement. LBCC tapped e2e Analytix, which specializes in higher education, to design a web-based enrollment management system using Cognos Enterprise Planning software from Cognos Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario).
Using Cognos for enrollment management was a unique application for Cognos, according to Dan Galuppo, e2e’s director of professional services, but the result delivers real-time data collection, consolidation, workflow, and calculations to help LBCC enrollment staff make faster and more informed decisions. http://www. scribd. com/doc/39154553/Study-and-Design-of-Computerized-Enrollment-System-Documentation — Online Enrollment of ACM Portal School Online student enrollment system enables students to enroll into their subjects prior to the commencement of their semesters.
This enrollment system not only allows international students to enroll through internet without traveling to the campus but also incorporates the business rules. These business rules cover a wide range of regulations and policy such as subject pre-requisite, student’s payment status, course coordinator’s decision and the correspondence of students’ seniority to the intended enrolling subjects. Besides business rules, the system also incorporates various notification mechanisms like Short Messaging Service (SMS) and Email.
XML is used to store the business rules and thus allow the portability of the system interface to wider range of devices such as Personal Device Assistant (PDA). The interface auto-detects the user’s device either PC/laptop or much smaller screen device such as PDA. In short, the enrollment system backend engine runs based on the business rules and front-end engine runs to provide high satisfaction user experience. With the business and user interface, the system is able to run the workflow of student enrollment from the online enrollment form to approval workflow cycle running parallel with the notification capability. ttp://www. scribd. com/doc/39154553/Study-and-Design-of-Computerized-Enrollment-System-Documentation — CHILD-SUPPORT SECURITY Only authorized users can see the case information available on this site. An authorized user is a person with a child support case in Minnesota who has received a participant number and personal identification number (PIN). The participant number and PIN do not allow an authorized user to see information about any case other than that person’s own case. It is illegal to access or attempt to access the private data on this site, unless a person is an authorized user. Minnesota Child Support Online) https://secure. childsupport. dhs. state. mn. us/mcso/participants/Action/ThankYou Explanation: The security of the Minnesota Child Support is very tight and safe. the enrollment system for Bethel Lutheran school will also give the access of the system by limited users only. for which the system contains confidential data that must be given or seen by specific persons only. The user of the system will also be given password to access it and manipulate data.